Desalination refers to any of several processes that remove excess salt and other minerals from water. More generally, desalination may also refer to the removal of salts and minerals, as in soil desalination.

Water is desalinated in order to be converted to fresh water suitable for human consumption or irrigation. Majority of modern interest in desalination is primarily focused on developing cost-effective ways of providing fresh water for use in regions where the availability of fresh water is limited.

Growing global populations has meant increased spending on non-agricultural water use and a greater need for desalination of water. In the Desalination & Power end-market, pipes are used within the premise of a power desalination plant for salt water systems (intake and discharge / outfall), cooling systems, flue gas desulphurization, and process and utility piping within the plant.

Pipelines and Pipe Packages covering all grades of materials in finished products such as Seamless Pipes, Welded Pipes, Flanges, Fittings, Compact Flanges, Clamp Connectors, Ball Valves, Modular Valves supplied by AFF are used in the transportation of corrosive media and high pressure steam systems associated with fossil fuel, gas fired, nuclear fuel and geothermal power plants, seawater and brines used in desalination plants.

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